A response to Alabama Governor Kay Ivey, from a born and bred Alabamian



Dear Governor Ivey,

You recently declared that you have no interest in what “folks in Washington,” or “out-of-state liberals” have to say about Alabama’s Confederate monuments.

Ok then, how about a white native-born and bred Alabamian that has made a life out of historical research and writing, and who teaches history to college students right here in our mutually beloved state? Would you mind hearing from me?

You claim that “to get where we’re going, means understanding where we’ve been.” Yet I am not so sure you fully understand where we have been.

Stay with me here  . . .

I was born in the turbulent year of 1968 on Birmingham’s Southside, at St. Vincent’s hospital.

I’m sure you can remember the year well: the Tet Offensive in Vietnam led to President Johnson’s decision to not seek reelection; Martin Luther King Jr. was killed, sparking racial violence in many of America’s cities; Bobby Kennedy was shot down after winning the California primary; young American war protestors clashed with the police in Chicago during the Democratic National Convention; Richard Nixon won the presidency by blowing the proverbial “dog whistle” about “law and order”; And our very own George Wallace made a strong third party showing in the election, despite (and because of) his recent career of standing firmly against integration.wallace-campaign-button.jpg

Oh, that George Wallace. I’m sure you know about how he won the job you now have by proclaiming he would resist “outside agitators” that wanted to integrate our schools. “Segregation today, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever,” he declared, while harkening to the Confederacy and the “heart of the great Anglo-Saxon southland.”

Yet those “outside agitators” were mostly southern born and bred African Americans. MLK? Heck, he was just a young Georgian that got his first job in our state and first gained fame as a resident here.

And then there was that time Wallace stood in the door of Foster Auditorium on the University of Alabama campus, speaking out against the “tyranny” of Washington DC that was forcing the school to integrate.

He lost that battle as Vivian Jones and James Hood, two native born Alabamians, were allowed to register. Damn those outside agitators.


Jones and Hood, getting registered at their own state’s flagship University

In the years afterward, a lot of white Alabamians placed their kids in private academies to avoid integration, but I was part of the first generation of Alabama school children that went to integrated public schools their whole life. From first grade in 1975 until I graduated from Homewood High School in 1987, my world was filled with black faces and friends that I sat next to in class and in the lunchroom, played sports with, hung out with on the weekends, and walked across a stage with to receive our diplomas.

Turns out that integration wasn’t so bad after all, and is likely the main reason why I grew up largely judging people by the content of their character, rather than the color of their skin.

Yes, that was MLK’s dream, that Georgian who lived and spent much of his life in Alabama. Oh, and remember that time he marched across the Pettus Bridge in Selma alongside native born Alabamian John Lewis, the same guy that was a leader in the Freedom Rides? Damn those outside agitators.


King and Lewis, those darn agitators.

Anyway, after finishing up high school, I went to college at the University of Alabama in Birmingham, where I majored in history. Guess what I learned in both those Alabama public schools and at UAB? I learned that the reason the southern states seceded from the Union and tried to establish their own government was so that they could prevent the destruction of slavery.

It seems that they too did not want “outside agitators” like abolitionists and a democratically elected president in Washington DC to tell them what to do with their domestic institutions.

So they seceded, establishing a Confederacy that their vice president unashamedly declared to have been built “upon the great truth, that the negro is not equal to the white man; that slavery — subordination to the superior race — is his natural and normal condition. This, our new government [the Confederate States of America], is the first, in the history of the world, based upon this great physical, philosophical, and moral truth.”

Yes, that Confederacy. The one we have all those monuments to.

While at UAB, I also learned much about the “Lost Cause,” the successful attempt of white Southerners to rewrite the history of the Confederacy after its defeat, stressing that secession had been about “state’s rights,” not slavery. Furthermore, they insisted, slavery had been a benign institution that benefitted both races, and that a strict racial hierarchy had created a much more peaceful and harmonic society than existed elsewhere in the country.

Yet if slavery had to be gone as a result of the efforts of “outside agitators,” white Southerners believed they could at least recreate its racial order through “Jim Crow” segregation laws. At the forefront of those efforts during the late 1800s and early 1900s, was the construction of memorials to the Confederacy and its gallant soldiers. Monument dedications became “teachable moments” in which speakers enthralled crowds with the deeds of the glorious dead that gave their lives in defense of a superior racial order.

Yes, I learned much of that while at UAB, from a professor that was born and raised in Mobile and received her PhD in Georgia. Damn those outside agitators.

Also while I was at UAB, Birmingham opened its beautiful Civil Rights Institute and Museum, and I took enormous pride in the facility’s effective presentation of the role of my hometown in some of the Civil Rights movement’s most dramatic events in fighting to end those Jim Crow laws.

It always struck me that the Children’s March in 1963, (when hundreds of children were jailed and firehosed in the streets of their very own hometown–damn those outside agitators), took place under the shadow of one of those Confederate memorials in Linn Park.


Confederate monument in Linn Park

You know the one. It is the one that Alabama citizens and elected officials in Birmingham now want removed. They stand in defiance of that law you so pridefully signed that prevents local Alabama communities from making their own decisions about what they want to memorialize in their own streets and cities. Damn those outside agitators.

And damn local rights.

After college, I started pursuing a PhD, and that journey temporarily led me out of state. It was then that I learned that many people outside of Alabama believed it was still 1963 down here, with racism and perhaps even Jim Crow still reigning supreme. I tried to tell them about how far our state had come, but it was a tough sell, even in the 1990s.


This had to be written by an “out of state liberal!”

I returned home when the University of Alabama lured me with fellowships and scholarships, and it was there that I earned my PhD by researching and writing a book about the roles that enslaved African Americans played in the fight against the Confederacy. Imagine that! A white Alabamian writing about such a thing! Don’t only “out of state liberals” focus on the Confederacy’s commitment to defending slavery? Damn those outside agitators.

I’m still here in Tuscaloosa, but now I am teaching—about slavery, the Confederacy, the Civil War, the Lost Cause, the Civil Rights movement. And guess what? I can promise you that even if every last Confederate memorial were to come down, those things will still be researched, written about, and taught in schools. History would not be erased.

And it will continue to be taught in ways that corrects the history that those monuments were built to distort.

The irony here is that I am actually not in favor of removal of the monuments (I support contextualization), but I am in favor of local communities deciding for themselves what they want to do with them. They shouldn’t be dictated to by people outside their community.

Even those in Montgomery.

Governor Ivey, I know that your defiant message probably plays well with many of your constituents. But please understand that when you use the language you have about “out-of-state liberals” and “folks in Washington” you’re using the same message as proslavery advocates when they resisted abolition, post-Reconsruction era politicians when they maintained white supremacy by passing Jim Crow laws and building Confederate monuments, and anti-integrationists like your predecessor George Wallace when he led the state against the Civil Rights movement.

And just like Wallace, you’re ignoring the fact that native-born Alabamians, then as well as now, are on the forefront of these efforts at racial reconciliation, Civil Rights, and an honest reckoning of our history.

You only insult and belittle them and demonstrate that you care little about listening when you label their beliefs “politically correct nonsense” coming from outside the state.

Do you really want to sound like you’re on the same side as proslavery advocates, Jim Crow, and George Wallace? If so, perhaps our beloved state actually is still stuck in 1963, and you’re definitely not the one that can lead it forward.


A proud Alabamian.



11 thoughts on “A response to Alabama Governor Kay Ivey, from a born and bred Alabamian

  1. Your resume as a history professor is very impressive. And I’m not taking a stand on the monuments. What does trouble me is that your being paid as a public employee yet either don’t fully know your subject or you are selectively choosing to teach what you want people to hear. When talking about George Wallace you elected to stop short in your lesson plan. I grew up in Alabama in the 60’s and 70’s so I saw a lot of the history you learned about and apparently some you didn’t. Stay with me here. George Wallace at some point in time clearly changed his views because he was embraced by the majority of the black population that voted for him in overwhelming numbers during his last campaigns. Point being some people can change and some can accept an apology, not matter how bad the acts of the other Party, and move forward together. Before you get self righteous about Homewood schools in the early 70’s you may want to check the minor population numbers and how exactly how many black kids were attending with you. From what I remember about Homewood the primary reason the area didn’t get a bunch of private schools opening up was because there were so few blacks enrolled in their school system. Again, not taking sides just asking for someone, especially someone who is charged with teaching history, to teach the full history and not be selective by picking and choosing what history you want your students to learn.


    • Walter, thanks for your considered response. Yes, Wallace later very famously apologized for the segregationist stances that he took in the 60s (and one could argue that he only ever embraced those policies in the first place in order to get elected). Yes, he later won office with strong black support, but that’s mainly because by then the Democrat party had become THE party of the black vote, largely because it was the party of Kennedy, LBJ, and the Congress that proposed, supported, and passed the Civil Rights Acts of ’64 and ’65. Fat chance of African Americans in the 80s voting for a Republican, no matter who the Democrat candidate was (so you see, you left off some history in your response).

      But that does not distract from the point I made . . . that Ivey is using language that Wallace and others used to resist integration (and even further back . . . to defend slavery). In fact, your point only makes the intent of my letter stronger. If even a hardcore segregationist like Wallace could see the light in the 1980s, then lord knows Kay Ivey should be able to see it in this day and age.

      As to your point about Homewood, I surely never meant to sound “self righteous,” though I am very proud of my alma mater. Honestly, I don’t know the percentage for the school as a whole, but a quick check of my yearbook shows that about 15% of my graduating class in 1987 were African Americans. Obviously that is a minority, but far from an insignificant one, especially when you consider that most of us went to school together our whole lives and that we were the first generation of Alabamians to attend integrated public schools for all 12 years (we were a fairly small, but very close class, and still are to this day). So my point remains. (FYI: Homewood is FAR more diverse than that today).

      And as for “picking and choosing,” the post was meant to make a specific point, not provide a full history lesson on Alabama and the South. I hope no one out there is looking for full history lessons in an internet blog posting. My facts are correct, they support my point, and I feel that the ones you raise do not weaken (and actually strengthen) the argument.

      Liked by 1 person

  2. To gd brasher…….Having lived near Montgomery from May, 1962 to Aug, 1964 as a child during those extremely challenging and turbulant historical times. I remember multiple reasons why I could not “fathom” why the south was so seemingly biased a hundred years later. My entire life was spent with mixed races and religions sharing the desks alongside of mine in various schools everywhere. Thank you so much for your post and words,
    by sharing your well educated, thought provoking and well written expression of the truth.

    Liked by 1 person

  3. While what you say is truly historical, the rush to tear down over 100 year old monuments will destroy a generations history. Will the tearitdowners be happy with removing all confederate names and statues? You know if you are honest the state capital building will be next. Much of this movement has already been trying to remove the flag, national anthem, etc. I have no interest in going back to segregation, and Jim Crowe days, and have often spoken against vestiges of the prejudice involved, I think I’m like most Alabamians who completely disagree with tearing down our historical monuments, good or bad.


    • I’m not for tearing them down either (yet I don’t agree with your “slippery slope” argument), but only if we add contextualization to make clear why they were erected in the first place. But really, my essay is not actually about the monuments. It is about the segregationist language Ivey is using, the inaccuracy and ignorance of saying that only people from out-of-state want them removed, and the hypocrisy of saying that forces outside of a community shouldn’t dictate local decisions, yet passing a law that does that very thing.

      Liked by 1 person

    • History is something that happened, and can be documented by credible sources, such as contemporary newspaper and magazine articles, photos and film, and other first-hand accounts. A monument is a thing (usually tangible) intended to laud a person or event. Tearing down a monument doesn’t erase history. It is a public repudiation of the honor given that subject when the monument was constructed.

      Liked by 1 person

  4. Thank you for your excellent, thoughtful piece. As for me, I started out appalled by the idea of tearing down historic statues, To me the statues were about heritage, not about slavery. Then a funny thing happened – I got my DNA tested, hoping for some exotic ancestry. Instead, I got a whole bunch of distant cousins, and a surprising number were African-American. Because I didn’t have any African ancestry, I slowly began to understand they were descended from female slaves owned by my family. This set me off on an orgy of reading, and the more I read the more the subject haunted me.

    I started with “The American Slave Coast: A History of the Slave-Breeding Industry” by Ned and Constance Sublette, and then read everything I could find online about the subject, including summaries of old court cases and long-ago wills. After reading “Slaves in the Family” by Edward Ball, I moved on to the writings of people like Harriet Ann Jacobs, Sojourner Truth, Solomon Northrop and Frederick Douglas. I learned that almost everything I thought about slavery was wrong – and I’m a reasonably intelligent and educated person who grew up outside the Deep South, so I wasn’t spoon fed comfortable myths.

    Yes, “there has always been slavery,” but U.S. slavery was measurably and demonstrably different and worse than earlier forms of slavery. It wasn’t the brutality that shocked me so much (although it did shock me); I’m assuming slavery has always been brutal. What broke my heart was the practice of breaking up families and selling off children as young as three years old. U.S. slavery was inextricably connected to the Industrial Revolution and the evolution of capitalism. Cash-strapped planters were able to get mortgages on their slaves, and sell them to pay debts. Many planters really were good-hearted and trapped by the system, but others were greedy and vicious.

    Couple this with the widespread practice of concubinage. I won’t say any more, but Harriet Ann Jacobs describes it this way: “When she is fourteen or fifteen, her owner, or his sons, or the overseer, or perhaps all of them, begin to bribe her with presents. If these fail to accomplish their purpose, she is whipped or starved into submission to their will…resistance is hopeless.”

    As a result, some 35 percent of African-American males have Caucasian Y-DNA, the DNA that is passed only from father to son. You can’t talk about race until you fully understand America’s past, yet most people don’t really want to talk about race. When they understand how closely we are all connected, they may have no choice. The biggest obstacle is what I call “white amnesia.”

    This is a long way of saying that I am now appalled by Gov. Kay Ivey’s comments. Don’t necessarily take the statues down, but put them in context. Acknowledge how bad this history was, and our part – I mean all white Americans, not just Alabamians. To quote Proverbs: “People who cover over their sins will not prosper. But if they confess and forsake them, they will receive mercy.” It is time.

    Liked by 2 people

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